Untitled Document
You are from : ( )  
Untitled Document
Untitled Document

International Journal of Information Technology & Computer Science ( IJITCS )

Abstract :

Thanks to computer technology, digital learning has evolved to the stage of mobile learning. However, in school courses, it is still necessary to teach face to face for humanistic teaching. As of yet, digital learning still plays a supplementary teaching role, but research on what ratio it should be in teaching activity has been lacking. This study attempts to discuss the best use percentage of traditional face-to-face teaching and digital learning by selecting two classes of the information department of a vocational high school, for a semester of experimental teaching. In order to discuss effects of different ratios of blended learning strategies and learning satisfaction, independent variables are defined to be 3:1, 2:1, and 1:1 for traditional class learning and digital learning in blended learning; and dependent variables are defined to be electronics learning effects and learning satisfaction. A nonequivalent pretest-posttest quasi-experiment approach was conducted. On the experimental group, a blended learning strategy of different ratios were adopted, including 3:1、2:1 and 1:1, each ratio was adopted for a 6-week experiment. On the control group, a merely traditional face-to-face teaching approach was performed. At the same time, a S-P chart approach was used to carry out a statistical analysis to search for the best blended ratio. Results show that, compared with digital learning, traditional face to face teaching has the best effects at 2:1.

Keywords :

: Blended Learning; Digital Learning; S-P Chart

References :

  1. Phillips, V. (2002, June). Why does corporate e-learning fail? Virtual University Gazette.
  2. Parker, A.(1999)。Interaction in Distance Education:The Critical Conversation. Educational Technology Review, 1(12), P13-17。
  3. Reinmann-Rothmeier, G. (2003): Didaktische Innovation durch Blended Learning, Leitlinien anhand eines Beispiels aus der Hochschule (Didactical Innovation with Blended Learning, guidelines considering an example taken from University), Publisher: Reinmann P., Bannert M., Mandl H., Severing E., Verlag Hans Huber, Bern, Göttingen, Toronto, Seattle
  4. Voos, Richard. (2003). Blended Learning: What it is and Where it Might Take Us? retrieved from http://www.aln.org/publications/view/v2n1/blended1.htm
  5. Bersin, J. (2004). The blended learning book: Best practices, proven methodologies, and lessons learned. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
  6. Zou, Jing-ping (2007). Strategy and Application of Blended Learning. Training and Development, 62, 1-29.
  7. Wang, Hsin-chang (2009). Effects of Different Blended-learning Models And Achievement Levels on Cooperative Skills, Learning Satisfaction, and Learning Attitude: An example of project-based learning for the 5th grade students. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute of Technology Development and Broadcasting, Department of Education, National University of Tainan, Tainan City.
  8. Lai, Ying-Yi (2009). Study of Performance and Motivation on Cooperative Learning in Blended Learning Environment-A Video Editing Course for College Freshmen. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate School, Educational Communication and Technology, National Taipei University of Education, Taipei City.
  9. Hu, Heng-hua (2008). Designing and Evaluating a Blended Learning Course for Elementary and High School Teachers - Take the National Digital Archives Programs K-9 Teachers Workshops as Example. Unpublished Master Thesis, In-Service Master’s Program, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei County.
  10. Zhang, Da-ming (2009). Using Complex Learning Instructional Design In Classroom Teaching And Online Teaching Of Learning Effects Study. Unpublished Master Thesis, In-Service Master’s Program, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei County.
  11. Cheng, Yi-Ling (2008). The Relationship between Self-directed Learning Readiness, Information Literacy and Blended Learning Effects-The Case of Taiwan Sugar Corporation. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute, Occupational Education and Human Resources Development, Southern Taiwan University, Tainan County.
  12. Lu, Zi-yao (2008). The Effectiveness of Applying Blended Learning to the Nursing Course of Profession and Ethics. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute of Health Allied Education, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei City.
  13. Huang, Shih-Feng (2008). The Effect of Learning Achievement and Learning Attitude by Using Blended Learning Model and Integrating IT Model in a Recorder Learning Lesson for Elementary Students. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute, Department of Information Communication, Leader University, Tainan City.
  14. He, Si-dian (2008). The Research on the Blending Learning Environment A Case Study on Microsoft Tech-Ed. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute, Department of Information and Communications (incl. In-Service Master Program), Shih Hsin University, Taipei City.
  15. Shen, Tsung-Cheng (2008). Applying Mobile Learning to Vocational Training Courses: an Analysis. Master Thesis, Graduate Institute of Department of Information Management, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan County
  16. Lin, Jun-cheng (2006). Blended Synchronous Learning Models in Web-based Learning Environment. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute, Department of Information Management, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung City
  17. Wang, Shih-hao (2005). The Design and Implementation of a Blended English Reading Course in Higher Education. Unpublished Master Thesis, Master’s Program, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei County.
  18. Chang, Chun-min (2003). The Study of The Blended Learning Model An Example of the Paper-cut Course Marine Biology Aquarium. Unpublished Master Thesis, In-service Master’s Program, Information Management Department, Chinese Culture University, Taipei City.
  19. Chen, Kang-Hui (2009). The Development and Effects of a Blended Learning Program on Math for Secondary Students with Cancer Placed at Homebound Educational Settings. Unpublished Master Thesis, Special Education, Department, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung City.
  20. Chao, Hsiao-Hua (2008). Applying Object-Based Instructional Design to Corporate Training. Unpublished Master Thesis, Digital Library Information Section, In-service Master’s Program, College of Computer Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu City.
  21. Kuo, Ying-Chih (2006). Examining the Learning Effects on Format of Blended Learning : A Case Study of MOE Inservice Training for K-12 Teachers Using Distance Learning. Unpublished Master Thesis, Master’s Program, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei County.
  22. Lin, Hsin-hsin (2008). The Research of Blended Learning in IPTV Environments -A Case Study on L Company. Unpublished Master Thesis, Graduate Institute, Department of Information and Communications (incl. In-Service Master Program), Shih Hsin University, Taipei City.
  23. Smith, J. M. (2001). Blended learning. Executive Update Online. Retrieved on Dec. 23, 2010, from http://www.gwsae.org/ExecutiveUpdate/2001/March/blended.htm
  24. Valiathany, P. (2002). Blended learning models. Learning Circuits, 3(8), 50-59.
  25. Troha, F. J. (2002). Bulletproof instructional Design: A Model for blended learning, USDLA Journal, 16 (5), Retrieved Oct. 03, 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://www.usdla.org/html/journal/MAY02_Issue/article03.html
  26. Chen, Zi-ling (2005). A Study on Promotional Strategy on Blended Teaching – An Example of Local Civil Service Personnel Training. Research committed by Regional Civil Service Development Institute, DGPA, Executive Yuan.
  27. Rosenberg, Marc J.(2001)E-Learning: Strategies for Delivering Knowledge in the Digital Age,McGraw-Hill.
  28. Garrison, D. R. & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended Learning: Uncovering its Transformative Potential in Higher Education. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(2), 95-105.
  29. You, Sen-qi & Min-ning Yu (2006). The Relationships among Indices of Diagnostic Assessments Knowledge Structures and S-P Chart Analysis. Educational and Psychological Research, 29(1), 183-208.
  30. Tatsuoka, K. K. (1984). Caution indices based on item response theory, Psychometrika, 49, 95-110.
  31. Sato, T. (1980). The S-P chart and the caution index, NEC Educational Information Bulletin, Vol. 80(1).
  32. Sato, T., & Kurata, M. (1997). Basic S-P score table characteristics, NEC Research and Development, 47, 64-71.

Untitled Document
Untitled Document
  Copyright © 2013 IJITCS.  All rights reserved. IISRC® is a registered trademark of IJITCS Properties.