Untitled Document
You are from : ( )  
Untitled Document
Untitled Document

International Journal of Information Technology & Computer Science ( IJITCS )

Abstract :

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) contribute heavily to economic growth, social structure and employment as well as regional and local development. Consequently, they have become a significant sector of the economy. The lack of e-commerce (EC) research on SMEs in developing countries is challenging because the findings of previous EC studies on SMEs of developed countries cannot be freely generalized to the context of SMEs of developing countries. To help SMEs, in particular those in developing countries, with EC adoption, this research investigates the factors within the Technological Organizational Environmental (TOE) framework that affect the decision to adopt EC as well as the adoption and non-adoption of different EC tools. Furthermore the current research attempted to investigate the level of EC adoption in SMEs. A questionnaire-based survey using a quantitative approach is conducted. Two hundred thirty five manufacturing SMEs were selected as respondents in this work. The findings showed that seven out of ten factors have significant positive relationships with EC adoption, which were buyer/supplier pressure, support from technology vendors, perceived compatibility, CEO innovativeness, perceived relative advantage, competition and information intensity. Moreover, results showed that 57.02 percent of SMEs adopted EC. .

Keywords :

: Electronic Commerce, adoption, SMEs

References :

  1. Kalakota, R. & Whinston, A. B. Electronic commerce – A manager’s guide. Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Longman. 1997.
  2. Wigand, R. Electronic Commerce: Definition, Theory and Context. The Information Society, vol. 13, no.1, pp. 1–16, 1997.
  3. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). National Innovation Systems. 1997.
  4. Poon, S. Small business internet commerce: A study of the Australian experience. Ph.D. dissertation, School of Information Management and Systems. Monash University. Australia.  1998.
  5. Tenorio, A. S. SMEs asked to go online – or be left out. Business world Jun 20, pp. 1–2,  2002.
  6. Ghorishi , M. E-commerce adoption model in Iranian SMEs. master dissertation, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, 2009.
  7. Mirchandani, D. A., & Motwani, J. Understanding small business electronic commerce adoption: An empirical analysis. Journal of Computer Information Systems, vol.  41, no. 3, pp. 70–73, 2001.
  8. Cragg, P. B. & King, M. Small-firm computing: Motivators and inhibitors. Mis Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1, pp.  47–60, 1993.
  9. Igbaria, M., Zinatelli, N., Cragg, P., & Cavaye, A. L. M. Personal computing acceptance factors in small firms: a structural equation model. MIS Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 3, pp.  279–305, 1997.
  10. Moore, G. C. and I. Benbasat. Development of an instrument to measure the perceptions of adopting an information technology innovation. Information Systems Research, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 173-191, 1991.
  11. Thong, J. Y. L. An integrated model of information systems adoption in small businesses. Journal of Management Information Systems, vol.  15, no. 4, pp. 187–214, 1999.
  12. Riemenschneider C., McKinney V. Assessing Belief Differences in Small Business Adopters and Non-Adopters of Web-Based E-Commerce.  Journal of Computer Information Systems, winter, 2001-2002.
  13. Downs Jr, G. W., & Mohr, L. B. Conceptual issues in the study of innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 700–714, 1976.
  14. Iacovou, C., Benbasat, I. & Dexter, A. Electronic data interchange and small organizations: adoption and impact of technology. MIS Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 4, pp.  465–485, 1995.
  15. Kuan, K. K. Y., & Chau, P. Y. K. A perception-based model for EDI adoption in small businesses using a technology-organization-environment framework. Information & Management, vol. 38, no. 8, pp.  507–521, 2001.
  16. Pan, M., & Jang, W. Determinants of the adoption of enterprise resource planning within the technology-organization-environment framework: Taiwan's communications. Journal of Computer Information Systems, vol. 48, no. 3, pp.  94–102, 2008.
  17. Tornatzky, L. G., & Fleischer, M. The process of technological innovation. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1990.
  18. Henriksen, H. Z. Motivators for IOS adoption in Denmark. Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations, vol. 4, no. 2, pp.  25-38, 2006.
  19. Al-Qirim, N. The adoption of e-Commerce communications and applications technologies in small businesses in New Zealand. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, vol.  6, no. 4, pp. 462–473, 2007.

Untitled Document
Untitled Document
  Copyright © 2013 IJITCS.  All rights reserved. IISRC® is a registered trademark of IJITCS Properties.